This link shows a Venn diagram composed of three circles that depict the unique and common lifestyle elements of the 3 cities on earth with the greatest human longevity (lifespan):
and the next link from the same site has a quiz you can answer to assess your life expectancy and get recommendations on how to increase it based on the same factors:
(This last link requires registration but its free.)
Nothing specific to prostate cancer at these sites but they do seem interesting nonetheless.
In a January 2008 paper, UK researchers found that a combination of 4 behaviors increased longevity by 14 years on average:
- not smoking
- being physically active
- moderate alcohol intake (my note: the WCRF/AICR Diet and Cancer Report concluded that alcohol, even small amounts, does increase one's risk for cancer)
- 5 servings a day of fruit and vegetables
Between 1993 and 1997, about 20,000 men and women aged 45–79 living in Norfolk UK, none of whom had cancer or cardiovascular disease (heart or circulation problems), completed a health and lifestyle questionnaire, had a health examination, and had their blood vitamin C level measured as part of the EPIC-Norfolk study. A health behavior score of between 0 and 4 was calculated for each participant by giving one point for each of the following healthy behaviors: current non-smoking, not physically inactive (physical inactivity was defined as having a sedentary job and doing no recreational exercise), moderate alcohol intake (1–14 units a week; a unit of alcohol is half a pint of beer, a glass of wine, or a shot of spirit), and a blood vitamin C level consistent with a fruit and vegetable intake of at least five servings a day. Deaths among the participants were then recorded until 2006. After allowing for other factors that might have affected their likelihood of dying (for example, age), people with a health behavior score of 0 were four times as likely to have died (in particular, from cardiovascular disease) than those with a score of 4. People with a score of 2 were twice as likely to have died.
The NIH has a page on healthy living here.